Hot flushes are the most common menopause symptom, with 3 out of every 4 women experiencing the sensation across their face, chest and body. It can cause some to feel uncomfortable, with sweating, dizziness and possibly palpitations.
Hot flushes come on suddenly at any time, and can last a few seconds or several minutes. Their unpredictable and all-consuming nature means they carry a high cost in terms of self-confidence, as it can feel embarrassing at work or social events.
Night sweats are a particular feature, sometimes leaving the bed linen drenched. They add to the insomnia many menopausal women feel during the transition.
The depletion of oestrogen stores in a woman’s 40s marks the end of the production of eggs from the ovaries, and therefore the end of periods or the ability to conceive. This decline in oestrogen has a direct effect on the thermostat in the brain, the hypothalamus, which regulates temperature. It receives a wrong message that you are hot, and this brings on the changes to blood vessels that seek to cool you down.
While oestrogen is declining and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is fluctuating, you get these vasomotor symptoms. Most women experience hot flushes for between 6 months and 2 years, until the FSH stops going up and down and instead starts to decline. Hot flushes should cease after this.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is the only medication known to reliably reduce menopausal flushes (although certain other prescribed medications may have some effect). HRT, which contains oestrogen, is only available from a doctor or licensed pharmacist, if you meet the prescription criteria.
The decline in oestrogen has a direct effect on the plumpness and hydration levels of the skin, especially around the vagina. Known as vaginal atrophy, this can cause symptoms such as itching, burning, pain during sex, bleeding during or after sex, and urinary symptoms such as increased frequency, urgency, incontinence, infection or discomfort while peeing. This can be further complicated by changes to your libido (sex drive) during the menopause.
Oestrogen replacement in the form of a vaginal ring, tablet or cream can help re-dress the balance around this area, but this needs to be prescribed. There are other measures you can take to make the area feel more comfortable.
This Health Kit aims to:
A.Vogel Menoforce Sage Tablets is a traditional herbal medicinal product containing extract of sage leaves for relieving menopausal symptoms, including:
Vaginal dryness (vaginal atrophy) is a very common condition that can affect women of any age, and is also a natural part of the ageing process including menopause amongst many other causes. Replens MD Vaginal Moisturiser provides safe and immediate relief from the discomfort of vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy.
Unlike most other lotions or personal lubricants, Replens MD provides soothing, clinically proven relief to naturally restore vaginal moisture for days.
Its 2-in-1 effective formula treats vaginal dryness in 3 steps by:
Pharma Nord Omega 7 capsules is a nutritional supplement that is produced using the berry and seed of the sea buckthorn plant. This shrub, originating from the Himalayas, is rich in Omega 7 fatty acid, including palmitoleic acid and vaccenic acid.
Omega 7 combined with the essential fatty acids Omega 3, 6, and 9, as well as Vitamin A (beta-carotene), can help maintain normal structure and function of the skin and mucous membranes, such as in the eyes, nose, mouth & female reproductive tract.
For hot flushes, a bit of planning in your home or work set-up, your diet and your wardrobe can really help. Here are a few pointers to keep hot flushes at bay:
There is some evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) may help some women with hot flushes.
For vaginal atrophy, the following measures may help:
Blood tests to diagnose the menopause are not routinely offered to women aged over 45. A diagnosis of menopause is based on your age, regularity of your periods, and other symptoms you are experiencing, and you may have no reason to see a doctor if you fit this picture. In addition, blood tests can be difficult to interpret as some female hormones are fluctuating, which could give an unreliable test result.
There are other medical conditions that can cause your periods to stop. It is important to see your doctor if your periods stop before you are 45, if you are having symptoms that are not typical menopausal symptoms, or if you have had significant changes to your usual menstrual bleeding. If you are experiencing severe menopausal symptoms you should also see your doctor in order for them to discuss treatment options with you.
If you have started bleeding again after you are post-menopausal (one year of having no periods) you should book to see your doctor. This is because bleeding after the menopause usually needs investigating to ensure the lining of the womb (endometrium) is normal.
Your doctor will ask you about your medical history and your current symptoms, the regularity of your periods and when the last one was. They will take baseline health measurements such as your blood pressure and they may order a blood test. They will then discuss any treatment options with you if you require them.
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